Back pain in pregnancy is the most frequent muscular-skeletal problem. During pregnancy there are many changes in the hormones. One of the hormones, progesterone, causes a softening effect on ligaments and that allows the body to change as the baby grows. These changes increase the curves in your back which can cause back pain. Low back pain is usually due to the uterus growing, this causes a change in your posture and balance. Upper back pain is usually due to your breasts growing bigger. This can cause both of these changes can lead to back pain through the pregnancy.
One of the most common reasons for back pain is poor posture so ensuring good posture can help prevent and relieve pain. Good posture, especially during late pregnancy, can help to alleviate some of the irritating back pain symptoms of pregnancy, especially, in the last trimester. It can also help to keep your back muscles strong. Headaches and ligament pain can also be a result of poor posture, so keep this in mind the next time you catch yourself slouching.
Be prepared for sciatic nerve pain – As you progress further in your pregnancy, many women will begin to experience sciatic nerve pain. This pain typically begins around the hip area and radiates downward through the leg. This is not an uncommon pregnancy symptom, but it can be quite bothersome. Swimming may help to eliminate the pain, as can putting your feet up as much as possible throughout the day.
- Maintain good posture.
- Use proper body mechanics when lifting heavy objects such as children.
- Avoid standing for long periods of time.
- Avoid twisting the body.
- Some women benefit from maternity waist support band.
- Exercises such as pelvic rocking while on your hands and knees.
- Proper sitting position.
- Gentle stretching.
- Wear low-healed footwear.
- Warm bath or showers may help with pain.
- Supportive billows between the legs and under the abdomen while side-sleeping.
- Wear well-fitting bra.
- Gentle back massage
Not all forms of back pain can be classified as a common pregnancy complaint. If back pain persists or worsens then you should consult your healthcare provider.